Tuesday, August 8

GAIL TAYLOR

Gail Taylor took over the leadership of Plant Sciences at UC Davis in June 2017. The department, is one of the largest on the Davis campus and globally, has a significant presence in the delivery of the highest quality translational Plant Science that moves from fundamental knowledge through to the delivery of improved plants for food, fuel, amenity and protection of ecosystems. Prior to Davis, Gail Taylor was Professor of Plant and Environmental Sciences at The University of Southampton, UK, where she held the post of Director of Research for Biological Sciences. She runs a large research group including breeding novel lines of watercress – Nastursium officinale with improved ant-cancer properties.


JIM HOUSTON

Deputy Secretary for Legislation
California Department of Food and Agriculture
Jim Houston was appointed by the Governor Brown as deputy secretary for legislation and public engagement for the California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Mr. Houston worked for the California Assembly serving as Legislative Director for Assembly Member Simon Salinas from 2001-2004 and has served as a representative for the Sacramento-based BGS Group since 2004. During that time he represented numerous entities involved in agriculture. He received a law degree from Mc George School of Law in 2009.


PARAG CHITNIS

NIFA’s Vision: Plant Breeding for Future Agriculture

Dr. Chitnis is a Deputy Director at the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) of USDA. He leads NIFA’s Institute of Food Production and Sustainability (IFPS) and manages a budget of $660M for competitive and capacity grants in plant, animal, and agricultural systems related to research, education and extension activities.

Prior to joining NIFA, he was a research administrator at the National Science Foundation (NSF) – Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences, where he served as division director, deputy division director, and program director. As the division director, he was responsible for an annual budget of approximately $125 million in research grants. In addition to leading the division, he managed many inter-directorate programs at NSF, developed collaborations with agencies in other countries, and represented NSF in several interagency activities, such as National Science Advisory Board on Biosecurity and the Nanoscale Science, Engineering, and Technology Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council.

Prior to joining NSF, he was a professor in the Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Molecular Biology at Iowa State University, and assistant professor in the Division of Biology at Kansas State University. As a researcher at these universities, he received more than $4 million in research grants from federal and private sources including funding from NIFA, NSF, and NIH. Dr. Chitnis authored over 100 peer-reviewed or invited publications in the areas of plant biochemistry, photosynthesis and proteomics. He has mentored over 50 undergraduate students, MS and PhD students, post-doctoral fellows, and AAAS fellows.

Chitnis has a B.S. in botany/plant breeding from the Konkan Agricultural University in India, an M.S. in genetics/biochemistry from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute, and Ph.D. in biology from the University of California at Los Angeles.


CHARLIE BRUMMER

Charlie’s research program focuses on developing cultivars and germplasm of alfalfa and other crops for forage and bioenergy uses. His research has focused primarily on investigating ways to improve biomass yield, from traditional breeding method enhancements to the use of molecular markers. His current research projects include improving yield through the use of high density, genome-wide SNP markers to implement genomic selection. He is also using QTL mapping to understand the causes of autumn-induced dormancy, so that additional fall yield can be produced without sacrificing needed levels of winter hardiness. In addition to yield, selecting alfalfa for adaptation to heat, drought, and salinity are components of his program.


JORGE DUBCOVSKY

Utilization of Induced Mutations in Polyploid Wheat to Reveal Hidden Genetic Variability

The major goals of Dr. Dubcovsky’s program are to gain a better understanding of the effects of allelic variants of whet genes that are relevant to agriculture and to develop the tools required for an efficient manipulation of these genes in wheat improvement. His program integrates a broad range of research projects that include whole genome studies, mapping, positional cloning, marker-assisted selection, and a traditional breeding program. This integration has provided Dr. Dubcovsky’s program the ability to discover and deploy new genes or gene variants into commercial wheat varieties. Dr. Dubcovsky has published >225 peer reviewed papers that have been referred >12,500 times. He released 16 wheat cultivars (5 in and 60 improved germplasm and trained 25 PhD students and 9 MS students. Recent accomplishments of Dr. Dubcovsky’s program are the cloning of the genes that control wheat flowering, frost tolerance, stripe and stem rust resistance, and increased levels of proteins in the grain. He recently generated 10 million sequenced mutations in pasta and bread wheat that can be used to generate loss-of-function mutations in >90% of the wheat genes. Dr. Dubcovsky has lead large consortiums of wheat Public breeding programs for the last 17 years that received multiple awards from USDA. Dr. Dubcovsky was elected as a member of the National Academy of Science in 2013 and in 2014 received the Wolf world prize in Agriculture


BRETT CARVER

Wheat Breeding: Lessons I Have Learned

Brett Carver is a regents professor at Oklahoma State University and holder of the wheat genetics chair in agriculture, a faculty position endowed by a local wheat miller, a grain cooperative, and a state wheat research foundation. Dr. Carver has directed a winter wheat breeding and genetics research program for 32 years. He is past chair of the National Wheat Improvement Committee and currently serves on the Wheat Foods Council Advisory Board. Carver has authored or co-authored 150 refereed papers and invited contributions. Since 2001, Carver has released 23 wheat varieties, including Endurance, Duster, and Gallagher, which have led all varieties in acres planted in Oklahoma since 2010. He is the editor of Wheat: Science and Trade, a comprehensive reference book for graduate students, wheat researchers, processors, and practitioners. Carver was named recipient of Governor Fallin’s Outstanding Public Service in Agriculture Award for 2016 and is Fellow of ASA and CSSA. He earned a B.S. degree from the University of Georgia in 1980, and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from North Carolina State University, where he conducted research in soybean physiology and genetics under the direction of Drs. Rich Wilson and Joe Burton.


SESSION III CHAIR: MICHAEL KANTAR


SESSION III CO-CHAIR: OSAGIE IDEHEN

Osagie Idehen is a PhD candidate at Tuskegee University, Alabama under the supervision of Dr. Marceline Egnin and Dr. Ramble Ankumah. He received a B.S degree in Zoology from University of Benin, Nigeria and M.S. in Environmental Science from Tuskegee University. After his M.S. degree, Mr. Idehen worked for the Federation of Southern Cooperatives at their Rural Training and Research Center in Epes, Alabama providing technical assistance to limited resource farmers and landowners in area of vegetable production, sustainable agriculture, farm planning, environmental conservation, soil management, and USDA programs education and sign-up. Since joining Dr. Egnin’s Lab he has participated in the innovative Plant Breeding Research and Experiential EDuctaion (iBREED) program and also helped train undergraduates and graduate students in both traditional and molecular breeding techniques. Mr. Idehen’s future plan is to pursue career in research and teaching in environmental phytoremediation and its related breeding applications. He is also in working with rural communities on environmental issues. He has presented his research works at local, regional and international meetings/conferences.


JESSE POLAND

Application of UAVs to Increase Genetic Gain

Dr. Jesse Poland is an Assistant Professor at Kansas State University, Director of the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Applied Wheat Genomics and Associate Director of the Wheat Genetics Resource Center. Research in Dr. Poland’s group is focused on wheat genetics, genomics and germplasm improvement. They are currently developing new approaches in quantitative genetics, genomics and high-throughput phenotyping for use in breeding, diversity studies, and association genetics. In collaboration with public breeding programs, Dr. Poland is implementing the use of genomic selection methods to accelerate wheat breeding. In the area of germplasm development, Dr. Poland’s group is focused on developing new breeding lines with resistance to the major pests of wheat including stem rust, stripe rust, leaf rust and Hessian Fly and understanding the genetic basis of these traits. To compliment advances in genomics, Dr. Poland’s lab is developing high-throughput phenotyping approaches for field-based evaluation of breeding lines with the primary focus being genetic characterization of heat and drought tolerance and development of improved germplasm.

Dr. Poland currently supervises six graduate students, six post-doctoral scholars and sits on the graduate committees of students at Kansas State University and at Colorado State University, where he holds affiliate faculty status.


RANDI FAMULA

Association Genetics of Water-Use Efficiency Traits in Walnut (Juglans regial)

Randi received her MS in Horticulture and Agronomy at UC Davis in June of this year. A Davis native, she received her BS in Biotechnology from UC Davis in 2010. Randi has continued to manage the lab of Dr. David Neale, a position she has held since 2010, researching genomics in a variety of tree species. Currently her work focuses on water-use efficiency of scion cultivars in the Walnut Improvement Program. She hopes to continue her research in the breeding of perennial crops, and promoting science communication.


PEDRO ANDRADE-SANCHEZ

Field electronics to measure above-ground plant traits of crops under irrigated conditions

This presentation will provide a review of field methods developed for plant characterization of crops grown under irrigation conditions in the low-elevation desert of the US. The materials will make
emphasis on the use of ground platforms, sensors, and auxiliary electronics that are integrated to enable rapid field deployment and high resolution data acquisition.

 

 


 DINA ST.CLAIR

High-Throughput In-Field Phenotyping System to Accelerate Breeding of Vegetable Crops

A changing climate requires breeding for crop productivity under increasingly variable environments, including limited fresh water supplies in arid agricultural regions. Breeding crops for tolerance to water stress and increased water use efficiency would improve production sustainability by requiring less water for a given level of yield. Cultivated tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is an economically important vegetable crop, but it’s susceptible to abiotic stresses, including restricted water. In contrast, a wild tomato species (S. habrochaites) is highly tolerant to abiotic stresses. Breeding lines containing introgressions from S. habrochaites are being used in field experiments under restricted irrigation to determine the genetic basis of water stress tolerance-related traits and the effects of slow-onset water stress on horticultural plant traits, fruit quality traits and yield (productivity). The breeding lines are also being employed in a new multiyear project to evaluate a novel 2nd generation, in-field, high-throughput phenotyping platform (HTPP) developed at UC Davis by the Slaughter lab for assessing fruit and plant traits in fruit-bearing vegetable crops. The HTPP platform has been designed to help reduce the phenotyping bottleneck in breeding. HTPP measurements on tomato and pepper breeding lines in the field will be compared with breeders’ manual trait phenotyping methods to evaluate the ability of HTPP to accurately identify superior performing lines and increase efficiency in breeding vegetable crops.


 SESSION VII CO-CHAIR: ANJU BISWAS

Anju Biswas is a MS student, working as a graduate research assistant in the Department of Agriculture & Natural Resources at Delaware State University (DSU), where she is conducting her research on strawberry breeding under the supervision of Dr. Kalpalatha Melmaiee. In her research she is focusing on some bioactive traits in strawberry, associated with health benefits by using SSR markers and observing polymorphism. She contributed another project related to light manipulation in poinsettia plant under greenhouse condition. She earned her BS in Agriculture and MS in Genetics & Plant Breeding from Sher-e –Bangla Agricultural University in Bangladesh, where she conducted research on salt stress tolerant calli identification in tomato under the direction of Dr. Naheed Zeba to contribute to tomato breeding. She is very interested in pursuing Plant genetics and molecular breeding for her future research as well.


PATRICK BYRNE

Germplasm Morgue or Gold Mine? Enhancing the Value of Plant Genetic Resource Collections for Plant Breeding

Dr. Pat Byrne is a professor in the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences at Colorado State University, where he teaches and conducts research in plant breeding, genetics, and biotechnology. His research focuses on the genetics of drought tolerance and bread making quality in wheat and disease resistance in dry beans. He has done extensive outreach on the benefits and risks of genetically engineered crops. Before coming to CSU in 1997, Dr. Byrne worked for USDA-ARS in Columbia, Missouri, and for agricultural development agencies in Mexico, West Africa, and Nepal.


JANE DEVER

Adding Nutritional and Industrial Value to the Cotton Patch

Jane Dever is Professor and Project Leader of the Cotton Improvement Program at Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center in Lubbock. She has a B.S. in Textile Technology, M.S. in Crop Science, and Ph.D. in Agronomy from Texas Tech University. She previously managed global cotton breeding at Bayer CropScience and served on National Genetic Resources Advisory Council. Jane is NAPB Communications Committee Chair, Cotton Crop Germplasm Committee Vice Chair, and FFAR Advisory Council member. She is an ASA Fellow and recipient of Cotton Genetics Research Award, Texas A&M Vice Chancellor Award in Excellence, Bayer Gold Laureate Award, and Texas Organic Cotton Marketing Cooperative ‘Golden Hoe’ Award.


DOMINIQUE PINCOT

FoR2U-1, A DOMINANT GENE CONFERRING RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM WILT IN STRAWBERRY

Dominique works with the Strawberry Breeding and Research program at UC Davis. Originally from a farming family in the Santa Maria region of California, she left the state to obtain a BS in Biology from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts. She returned to California to pursue a MS at UC Davis, where she works on resistance of Fusarium wilt in strawberry. After she obtains her MS in Fall 2017, she will continue working with the program as a PhD student. Dominique’s current projects include the evaluation of resistance to soilborne diseases (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. fragariae and Verticillium dahliae) in the UC Davis strawberry germplasm collection and identification of genetic loci linked with resistance to these diseases.


JUDE GROSSER

Breeding Citrus Scions and Rootstocks for an HLB-Endemic World

My research program in citrus variety improvement addresses all major citrus production problems in Florida, and also strives to develop new cultivars that will provide growers with new marketing opportunities. Using a team-oriented approach, my program is integrated with other members of the IFAS/CREC cultivar improvement team (F. G. Gmitter, W. S Castle, and G. A. Moore) as well as entomologists, pathologists, and physiologists. I have been a consistently
productive full professor, as evidenced by a ‘Superior’ faculty evaluation every full year that I have been employed by UF (29 consecutive years). Our citrus somatic hybridization program is the most successful in the world, resulting in somatic hybrid plants from more than 200 parental combinations. Our successes in somatic hybridization have allowed us to initiate rootstock breeding and selection at the tetraploid level (a completely unique approach), resulting in the selection of more than 150 superior individual hybrids called “tetrazygs” to date. Progress has also been made towards the development of rootstocks with improved tolerance of Diaprepes root weevil, blight and salinity. More recently, my program has focused on breeding, screening, and field testing new rootstocks (diploid and tetraploid) with focus on development of rootstocks suitable for ACPS (Advanced Citrus Production Systems) and that impart tolerance or resistance to HLB in grafted scions. Seventeen new UFR rootstocks from our program showing enhanced tolerance of HLB (as compared to commercial rootstocks) were recently fast-track released for use in the Florida Citrus Industry, including 7 tetraploids and 2 diploids developed in my program. Most recently, we have used a high throughput method to screen thousands of hybrid rootstock candidates for ability to impart HLB tolerance to grafted scions, and identified several promising candidates. Numerous tetraploid somatic hybrids that combine elite diploid scion material have been produced and several flowering somatic hybrids are being used as pollen parents in our triploid breeding program (under the direction of F. G. Gmitter). We have built the largest collection of quality monoembryonic diploid females and quality tetraploid pollen parents in the world. More than 20,000 triploid hybrids have been recovered from interploid crosses followed by embryo rescue, with a good percentage of these being fathered by somatic hybrids (in collaboration with FG Gmitter). Progress has also been made in the development of improved acid fruits (lemons and limes) and ornamental citrus; new seedless triploid lemon and lime selections have been approved for release. Somatic cybridization was used to create the recently released ‘Summer Gold’ grapefruit, that extends the grapefruit harvest season by several months, with fruit sweeter than any commercial grapefruit cultivar. This technology is also being used to transfer mtDNA potentially conferring canker resistance from kumquat to highly susceptible grapefruit cultivars. Because sweet oranges and grapefruit are not amenable to conventional breeding, my program has focused on the generation of somaclonal variation to produce new cultivars. We have the largest field study in the world to evaluate somaclonal variation in woody fruit trees. Several improved processing oranges have been released, including a Hamlin clone with improved juice color, seedless Valencia clones, Valencia clones with higher yields and lbs. solids production, the new very high quality OLL oranges that are showing better tolerance to HLB, and most recently two early-maturing Valencia clones that have potential to replace Hamlin in the juice industry. Working closely with research associate Dr. Manjul Dutt, we have developed an alternative citrus transformation method that utilizes a citrus anthocyanin gene for selection (replacing GFP) and plant recovery via somatic embryogenesis – resulting in transgenic plants containing no bacterial resistance genes (more consumer friendly). Major emphasis is now on the utilization of transgenic approaches to develop cultivars resistant to citrus greening (HLB) and canker. A major effort is underway to transfer proven anti-microbial peptide constructs and constructs that turn on SAR (Systemic Acquired Resistance) to citrus. Initial greenhouse and field challenges of transgenic citrus plants with HLB and canker look quite promising, and two SAR-induction genes are working successfully in multiple cultivars. Transgenic sweet orange trees overexpressing the Valencia β-1,3-glucanase gene also look promising. Our program is now focusing on the development of all-edible plant gene and eventually all-citrus gene transformation in efforts to increase consumer acceptance of GMO citrus.

Wednesday, August 9

 

SESSION V CHAIR: AMANDA HULSE-KEMP

Amanda Hulse-Kemp is a member of the USDA-ARS Genomics and Bioinformatics Research Unit. She is a Computational Biologist located at North Carolina State University and is a USDA Assistant Professor in the Crop and Soil Science Department. Her research with the USDA-ARS will focus on implementing Computational Biology methods through bioinformatics to intelligently enhance breeding programs in a variety of crops. She previously was a Postdoctoral Research Scholar in Dr. Allen Van Deynze lab’s at the Seed Biotechnology Center at the University of California, Davis focusing on bioinformatics, resource development and integration of genomics and biotechnology tools for enhancing breeding of vegetables and other crops, including spinach, coffee, cotton, tomato, and pepper. Amanda received her Ph.D. in Genetics from Texas A&M University in Dr. David Stelly’s lab where she concentrated on technology development and integrating physical and linkage mapping for generating a reference grade genome sequence for allotetraploid cotton.


SESSION V CO-CHAIR: ALTONEISHA ROSE

I am a senior at Southern University at New Orleans Majoring in Mathematics and Biology with a minor in Chemistry. My expected date of graduation is fall 2017. I am a member of The National Institute of Science and Beta Kappa Chi Honor Society. I am a third-year student researcher with a focus on Nanotechnology. Outside of school I am a member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc. One of my volunteer activity is with the organization STEM Nola which introduces different aspect of the Stem fields to Elementary, Middle and High School students in the New Orleans Area. My Future goals include working in the field of Environmental Biotechnology to help create new ways to increase the sustainability of communities and globally dealing with agriculture, Health, and water issues to compete with the many increasing environmental threats. Another goal is to deal with Environmental clean-up, such as Oil-Spills, utilizing plants as the primary remediator.


PHILIP SIMON

Carrot Breeding to Reduce Inputs for Growers and Increase Outputs for Consumers

Dr. Phil Simon is a USDA, ARS Research Geneticist and Professor of Horticulture at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. His research in vegetable genetics and breeding has focused on fresh market carrot improvement, targeting improved flavor and nutritional quality, nematode, disease and abiotic stress resistance, and genetic mapping of these and other traits. He leads the USDA breeding effort in the development of widely used carrot germplasm with improved flavor and nutritional value, novel purple color, and root-knot nematode resistance. To complement his breeding effort, along with students and collaborators, he has developed breeding tools, including co-leadership in the sequencing of the carrot genome, and he has collected carrot, Allium, and other vegetable germplasm in ten collecting expeditions. Phil has undertaken related plant breeding research including the first production of true seed in garlic, and the development of cucumber and melon germplasm with orange color and elevated carotene content.

Phil’s early career efforts focused on developing screening methods to breed for sweeter, less harsh carrot flavor, and high carotene carrots as an improved source of vitamin A. His release of purple carrot germplasm in the 1990’s provided a foundation for the re-introduction of novel carrot colors into modern US markets. He leads the Carrot Improvement for Organic Agriculture (CIOA) project to combine improved flavor and nutritional value in a range of carrot colors, with disease and pest resistance and also with larger tops for better weed competitiveness. He has supervised the training of over 30 graduate students, is a Fellow of the American Society for Horticultural Science, recipient of the ASHS Vegetable Breeding Award, the National Association of Plant Breeders Lifetime Achievement Award, and of an Honorary Doctorate from the Agricultural University of Krakow, Poland. He is a past chair of the Plant Breeding Coordinating Committee.


JULIE DAWSON

Julie Dawson is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Horticulture at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She leads a project with other plant breeders to test vegetable varieties with local farmers and chefs, focused on breeding for flavor and quality in local food systems. Prior to UW Madison, she worked on organic and participatory wheat breeding in Washington, France and New York, and on testing genomic selection of wheat for marginal environments. Her research interests include improving breeding methods to select for quality, and methods to increase our ability to use genetic resources for new environments, production systems and traits.


MICAELA COLLEY

Micaela Colley is the Program Director of Organic Seed Alliance (OSA), a non-profit. She leads OSA’s research and education programs focused on organic seed production and organic plant breeding. She is the author of several educational publications. Micaela frequently teaches and speaks on organic seed topics and collaborates on research projects nationally. Micaela is also pursuing a PhD focused on organic and participatory plant breeding under Dr. Edith Lammerts van Bueren at Wageningen University in the Netherlands.

 


JOHN SMEDA

Modification of Acylsugar Chemistry to Optimize Insect and Virus Resistance in Tomato

John is a PhD candidate at Cornell University in the Plant Breeding and Genetics Section of the School of Integrative Plant Science. John has already defended his PhD dissertation and his expected graduation is in August of 2017. His PhD research has focused on dissecting the utility of chemical variation of a secondary metabolite, acylsugars, from the wild tomato relative, Solanum pennellii, and his talk will detail creation and testing of numerous inbred tomato lines against critical insect pests and their transmitted viruses. John desires to pursue a career breeding vegetable crops and improving their biotic and abiotic stress resistances, nutrition, taste, and yield, utilizing a blend of conventional and cutting-edge plant breeding techniques.


SESSION IV CO-CHAIR:KYLIE MENDONCA

Kylie Mendonca grew up on a family farm in Northern California. She graduated from UC Davis in 2014 and enrolled as a Master’s student in the Horticulture Crop Science department at at Cal Poly in 2015. Kylie’s research focuses on fruit and flowering habit of ‘Wonderful’ pomegranate fruit. Kylie has worked close with industry to develop new cultural practices to produce high value fresh market fruit.


BRIAN IKENBERRY

U.S. PVP – Benefits to Breeder’s Innovation and Society.

Plant Variety Protection (PVP) provides a means of intellectual property protection that benefits both plant breeders and society. In the U.S. – PVP is available to breeders of new varieties of plants that are sexually reproduced (by seed) or tuber-propagated. The U.S. PVP system provides an incentive for plant breeding by protecting innovation for a fixed period of years while allowing both research with protected varieties which can lead to new variety development and the right for farmers to save seed of PVP varieties for replanting on their farm. PVP certificates are issued by the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.


JAMES WEATHERLY

Why Does Seed Innovation Matter?

Innovations from the seed industry are helping to address many of the economic, environmental and health issues we face as a global society. Seed improvements allow us to produce more food from the same land, which is essential to feed our growing population. Seed improvements result in produce that is healthier and more nutritious. And seed improvements mean less food waste because new varieties create produce that stays fresh longer and have more consistent quality. This presentation will discuss the need to communicate the value of these innovations to the agriculture industry, the need for investments in seed research and the critical importance of protecting new discoveries—all so plant breeders can continue to focus on developing seed improvements that benefit us all.

The U.S. Seed Industry is estimated to have a total annual value between $16 and $17 billion.[i] Data shows that it can cost up to $1 million or more to bring a new variety to market and it can cost upwards of $100 to $150 million to bring a new seed technology to market[ii]. A recent survey concluded that individual intellectual property violations can cost the industry between $300,000 to $500,000—and sometimes more than $1 million—depending of the scale of the infraction and the specific seed technology. The cost of seed IP violations limit seed companies and universities ability to focus on bringing new products to market that can address larger societal challenges, including enhancing agricultural productivity to feed the growing global population.


 CLAIRE LUBY

Claire is currently part time Executive Director of the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) and part time Post Doctoral Researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. She is a co-founder and board member of the Open Source Seed Initiative, which seeks to promote and maintain fair and open access to plant genetic resources through outreach, and an open source release mechanism for plant varieties. Claire is also a co-founder of the Student Organic Seed Symposium, now in its sixth year, which has created a community of graduate students and professionals working toward developing a more robust organic seed system. Her PhD as a Seed Matters Fellow in Organic Plant Breeding at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, focused on assessing genetic variation and freedom to operate in a large collection of U.S. carrot cultivars. Claire’s work asked whether the cultivars with “freedom to operate” in carrot breeding—that is, cultivars without intellectual property restrictions—represent an adequate portion of the total genetic variability of the crop. In addition, in collaboration with Prof. Irwin Goldman, Claire developed eight carrot populations based upon market and color classes using material that was not restricted by intellectual property and released them as OSSI-Pledged populations, thus providing ideal sources of material that all interested can use to breed new open source carrot varieties.


SESSION VIII CHAIR: PATRICK BROWN


SESSION VIII CO-CHAIR: ISRAEL CALSOYAS


STEPHEN BAENZIGER

And I Get Paid to Be a Plant Breeder:  40 Years of Pure Fun

P. (Peter) Stephen Baenziger earned degrees from Harvard and Purdue Universities. Before joining the faculty at the University of Ne­braska, he worked eight years for the USDA-ARS, and three years with Monsanto Corporation. His research focuses on improving the agronomic performance and winterhardiness of small grains and on developing new breeding methods. He has co­released 47 cultivars and 36 germplasm lines or populations.   His teaching and service activities emphasize graduate education and outreach in plant breeding and genetics, as well as, leadership roles in numerous scientific societies, international centers, and initiatives.


ISABELLE HENRY

Accelerated plant breeding through chromosome manipulation

Dr. Henry has been a Project Scientist at the UC Davis Genome Center since 2011. She received a BS degree in Biology and an MS degree in Biochemistry from the University of Liege, Belgium and a Ph.D. degree in Biology from the University of Washington, Seattle. She uses genomics approaches to investigate and harness the effects of gene dosage variation on gene function. She works on a variety of crop species, with an emphasis on polyploid species. Current projects include deciphering the mechanisms of sex determination in persimmon, developing efficient methods for mutation detection in large populations, and developing breeding and functional genomics resources in poplar.

 


Keo Corak

Development of Genomic-Based Strategies for Screening and Selection from a Daucus carota Germplasm Collection

Keo is a Master’s student in Agroecology at University of Wisconsin-Madison. Their current project focuses on improving the ability of breeders to identify and deploy traits found in germplasm collections. Before coming to graduate school, they worked as a farm hand in northern Wisconsin.

 

 

 

 


SHELLEY JANSKY

Increasing genetic gain by reducing ploidy in potato

Shelley Jansky is a Research Geneticist with the USDA-ARS and a professor in the Department of Horticulture at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Her research program focuses on potato germplasm enhancement, with the goal of developing genetics resources and parents for use by breeders in cultivar development.  Currently, her program is developing recombinant inbred line populations in interspecific diploid potato populations and self-pollinating cultivated potato to create inbred lines for breeding and genetics analyses.  Shelley received her B.S. in Biology at the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point and M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Plant Breeding and Plant Genetics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.